Wikipedia about laser printing
Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process. It produces high-quality text and graphics (and moderate-quality photographs) by repeatedly passing a laser beam back and forth over a negatively charged cylinder called a "drum" to define a differentially charged image.1 The drum then selectively collects electrically charged powdered ink (toner), and transfers the image to paper, which is then heated in order to permanently fuse the text, imagery, or both. As with digital photocopiers, laser printers employ a xerographic printing process. However, laser printing differs from analog photocopiers in that the image is produced by the direct scanning of the medium across the printer's photoreceptor. This enables laser printing to copy images more quickly than most photocopiers.
Printing is not one thing
Printing is not only printing leaflets, business cards or large banners - it also prints other, necessary materials such as: stickers, self-adhesive letters or labels. In principle, everything that comes out of the printing house can be included in the category of printing.
There are plants specializing in the production of only a specific group of printed materials: eg leaflets, or only large-format printing. However, this results from a simple thing: for every type of printing you need to have the right machine, and these take up space and cost a lot. That is why printing plants limit the amount of services provided.
Why do we need standards?
Standards in every industry and business are important. Imagine that we buy a monitor and its input does not match our video card, even though it has the same type. That's why certain standards apply.
In polygraphy and graphics, such standards also exist - appropriate definitions of CMYK colors - key for the appropriate color reproduction. Specified in advance formats for printing leaflets and business cards, so that they are comfortable and as uniform as possible. Without standards, even leaflets could be completely unreadable and even repulsive.